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Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain.

Spain is a Western European country located on the Iberian Peninsula. Spain shares borders with 5 countries: Portugal to the west, France to the north, Andorra to the northeast, Gibraltar (a British Overseas Territory) to the south, and Morocco (across the Strait of Gibraltar) to the south.

Spain’s area is 506 sq km with a population of approximately 47 million.

  • The official language is Spanish, but also are spoken Catalan, Basque, and Galician.
  • The national currency is EURO.
  • Time zone in Spain: GMT+1 and GMT+2 (during summertime)

Spain’s capital city is Madrid.

Spain is considered a safe country to visit and live in.

What is Spain famous for?

Spain is a country with a rich culture and history, and it is known around the world for many things.

One of the first things that come to mind when thinking about Spain is its world-famous cuisine. Spanish cuisine is diverse and flavorful, with each region having its own specialties. Some of the most famous Spanish dishes include paella, tortilla española, gazpacho, and churros con chocolate.

Spain is also known for its wine, particularly its red wines, which are produced in several wine regions throughout the country.

Spain is also famous for its art and architecture. One of the most well-known examples of Spanish architecture is the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, which has been under construction for over 100 years and is still not complete.

Other famous examples of Spanish architecture include the Alhambra in Granada, the Park Güell in Barcelona, and the Plaza Mayor in Madrid.

In addition to its architecture, Spain is also famous for its art.

Some of the world’s most famous artists were Spanish, including Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, and Joan Miró. Visitors can see their works at museums throughout the country, such as the Picasso Museum in Barcelona and the Reina Sofia Museum in Madrid.

Spain is also known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations. One of the most famous is La Tomatina, a tomato-throwing festival held in the town of Buñol. Other popular festivals include the Running of the Bulls in Pamplona, the Seville Fair, and the Carnival of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

Finally, Spain is known for its beautiful beaches and sunny weather. The country has a long coastline with numerous beaches, ranging from the sandy beaches of the Costa del Sol to the rugged cliffs of the Costa Brava. Spain’s warm climate makes it a popular destination for sun-seekers year-round.

Spain is a country with much to offer visitors, from its world-famous cuisine and stunning architecture to its vibrant festivals and beautiful beaches. Whether you are interested in art, food, or simply soaking up the sun, Spain has something for everyone.

Tourism & What to do in Spain

Spain is a country that has something for everyone, whether you’re interested in art, history, food, or simply relaxing on the beach. With its warm climate, beautiful scenery, and rich culture, it’s no wonder that Spain is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world.

Visit Barcelona. Barcelona is one of Spain’s most popular cities, and for good reason. This vibrant city is home to some of the most stunning architecture in the world, including the works of Antoni Gaudí, such as the Sagrada Familia and Park Güell.

It’s also a great place to experience Spanish culture, with delicious food, lively nightlife, and beautiful beaches.

Explore Madrid. Spain’s capital city is another must-see destination. Madrid is known for its world-class museums, such as the Prado Museum, which houses one of the world’s finest collections of European art.

It’s also a great place to enjoy tapas and wine, with numerous bars and restaurants serving up some of the best food in the country.

Relax on the beaches: With its long coastline, Spain is home to some of the most beautiful beaches in Europe. From the golden sands of the Costa del Sol to the rugged cliffs of the Costa Brava, there’s a beach for every taste.

Some of the most popular beach destinations include Ibiza, Mallorca, and the Canary Islands.

Spain is a country with a rich history and culture, and there are plenty of ways to experience it firsthand. Attend a flamenco show in Seville, watch a bullfight in Madrid, or visit one of the many festivals and celebrations that take place throughout the country, such as La Tomatina or the Running of the Bulls.

The Alhambra is one of Spain’s most famous landmarks, and for good reason.

This stunning palace and fortress complex in Granada dates back to the 13th century and is a testament to the country’s Islamic heritage. With its intricate tilework, stunning gardens, and breathtaking views, it’s a must-see destination for any visitor to Spain.

Spain is a country that has something to offer everyone. Whether you’re interested in art, history, food, or simply soaking up the sun on the beach, there’s no shortage of things to do and see in this beautiful country.

Climate & Best time to visit Spain

Spain is a country that boasts a varied climate, with different regions experiencing different temperatures and weather patterns throughout the year. If you’re planning a trip to Spain, it’s important to consider the climate and the best time to visit to make the most of your trip.

The best time to visit Spain largely depends on what you want to do and see. Generally, the months of April to June and September to November are considered the best times to visit, as the weather is mild and pleasant, and there are fewer crowds compared to the peak summer months.

If you’re interested in visiting the beaches and enjoying some sun, then the summer months of June to August are the most popular, with temperatures ranging from the mid-20s to 30s Celsius.

However, it’s important to note that many cities in Spain can get extremely hot during the summer months, so it’s best to plan your sightseeing and activities for early morning or late afternoon.

If you’re interested in skiing or winter sports, then the winter months of December to February are the best time to visit, with many ski resorts in the Pyrenees and Sierra Nevada regions offering excellent skiing conditions.

In terms of regions, the climate in Spain can vary greatly. The north of Spain experiences cooler and wetter weather, while the south is hotter and drier. The Mediterranean coast experiences warm and sunny weather year-round, making it a popular destination for beachgoers.

Some of the best regions to visit in Spain include Andalusia, which is known for its beautiful beaches, stunning architecture, and delicious food. Barcelona, in Catalonia, is another popular destination, with its beautiful architecture and world-class museums.

The Basque Country, located in the north of Spain, is known for its stunning coastline, lush greenery, and delicious cuisine.

Spain is a country that can be visited year-round, depending on your interests and what you want to do and see. By considering the climate and the best time to visit, you can plan a trip that allows you to make the most of your time in this beautiful and diverse country.

Whether you’re interested in beaches, mountains, culture, or cuisine, Spain has something to offer every traveler.

Geography & Administrative division

Spain is located in the southwestern part of Europe and has a diverse geography that ranges from high mountains to beautiful beaches, making it a popular destination for tourists from all over the world.


Spain is the fourth largest country in Europe, with a total area of approximately 505,990 square kilometers. It is divided into two major geographical regions: the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic and Canary Islands.

The Iberian Peninsula is located in the southwestern part of Europe, and it is the main part of Spain. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the Bay of Biscay to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the east and south, and Portugal to the west.

The main mountain range in the Iberian Peninsula is the Pyrenees, which separate Spain from France.

The Balearic and Canary Islands are located off the coast of Spain. The Balearic Islands are located in the western part of the Mediterranean Sea, while the Canary Islands are located in the Atlantic Ocean, near the coast of Africa.

Administrative Division

Spain is divided into 17 autonomous regions, each with its own government, parliament, and regional president. These regions have varying degrees of autonomy, and they are further divided into 50 provinces.

The largest autonomous region in Spain is Andalusia, located in the southern part of the country, which covers an area of approximately 87,597 sq km. The smallest autonomous region is La Rioja, located in the north-central part of the country, which covers an area of approximately 5,045 sq km.

Each of the 17 autonomous regions in Spain has its own unique culture, traditions, and history. For example, Catalonia is known for its stunning architecture and world-class museums, while Andalusia is known for its beautiful beaches, stunning architecture, and delicious food.

Spain has a diverse geography and administrative division, which makes it a unique and interesting country to visit. Its autonomous regions and provinces offer a variety of experiences and attractions for tourists, making it a popular destination for travelers from all over the world.

Flora & Fauna

Spain is a country with a diverse range of flora and fauna, thanks to its varying landscapes, from high mountains to stunning coastlines. This biodiversity attracts nature enthusiasts and travelers from all over the world.


Spain is home to a wide range of plant species, with over 8,000 different species found in the country. The flora in Spain varies depending on the region, with Mediterranean plants dominating the south, while the north has more temperate vegetation. Some of the most common plant species in Spain include olive trees, cork oaks, lavender, rosemary, and thyme.

One of the most beautiful natural wonders of Spain is the Tablas de Daimiel National Park, located in the southern part of the country. This park is home to a vast array of plant species, including water lilies, bulrushes, and reeds.


Spain’s fauna is equally diverse, with over 90,000 different species found in the country. The country has an abundance of wildlife, including mammals, birds, and reptiles. Some of the most common mammals in Spain include deer, wild boar, wolves, and lynx.

One of the most famous birds found in Spain is the Spanish Imperial Eagle, which is one of the rarest birds of prey in the world. Other birds found in Spain include vultures, eagles, owls, and storks. The country is also home to several reptiles, including the Montpellier snake and the Iberian lizard.

Spain’s aquatic wildlife is also worth exploring. The country has an abundance of marine life, including dolphins, whales, and sharks. The waters around the Canary Islands are particularly rich in marine life, with over 2,000 different species of fish.

Spain’s flora and fauna are as diverse and beautiful as the country itself. The stunning landscapes, mountains, forests, and coastlines are home to a wide range of plant and animal species, making Spain a popular destination for nature lovers and travelers alike.

Whether you’re interested in hiking, birdwatching, or marine life, Spain has something to offer for every nature enthusiast.

Demographics & Languages

Spain is a country with a rich history and diverse population, with a mix of cultures and languages.


Spain has a population of approximately 47 million people, making it the sixth most populous country in Europe.

The largest city in Spain is Madrid, which has a population of over 3 million people. Other major cities in Spain include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, and Malaga.

Spain is a predominantly Catholic country, with over 70% of the population identifying as Catholic. However, the country is becoming increasingly secular, with a growing number of people identifying as non-religious or atheist.


Spain has several official languages, including Spanish, Catalan, Galician, and Basque. Spanish is the most widely spoken language in the country, with over 99% of the population speaking it as their first language.

Catalan is spoken in Catalonia and the Balearic Islands, while Galician is spoken in Galicia, and Basque is spoken in the Basque Country and Navarre. These regional languages have been protected by law since the 1970s and are used in official documents, public signage, and education.

In addition to these official languages, there are also several regional dialects spoken throughout the country, including Andalusian, Murcian, and Aragonese.

Spain is also home to a significant number of immigrants, with over 5 million foreign-born residents living in the country. The most common languages spoken by these immigrants include Arabic, Romanian, and Chinese.

Spain is a country with a rich cultural and linguistic diversity, with several official languages and regional dialects. While Spanish is the most widely spoken language, the protection of regional languages and dialects is an essential aspect of the country’s cultural identity.

Origin of the name & Local symbols

Origin of the Name

The name “Spain” is believed to have originated from the Roman name for the Iberian Peninsula, “Hispania.” The Romans first arrived on the peninsula in the 3rd century BC and established a province known as Hispania.

Over time, the name Hispania evolved into “España” in the Spanish language, which eventually became “Spain” in English. The name has endured for centuries and is now synonymous with the country.

Local Symbols

One of the most iconic symbols of Spain is the bull, which has long been associated with Spanish culture and tradition. The bullfight, or “corrida,” is a popular and controversial sport in Spain, with roots dating back to ancient times.

Another symbol of Spain is the flamenco dance, which originated in Andalusia and is characterized by its passionate, rhythmic movements and intricate footwork. The dance is often accompanied by flamenco guitar music and is recognized as a UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage.

Spain is also known for its beautiful architecture, particularly the works of Antoni Gaudi, who designed many of the stunning buildings in Barcelona, including the famous Sagrada Familia cathedral.

Finally, the Spanish flag is an important symbol of the country’s national identity.

The flag features three horizontal stripes – red, yellow, and red – with the Spanish coat of arms in the center. The coat of arms features the pillars of Hercules, a crown, and the Latin inscription “Plus Ultra,” which means “further beyond.”

Spain is a country steeped in history and tradition, with a rich cultural identity that is reflected in its local symbols. From the iconic bull to the passionate flamenco dance, these symbols have come to represent the essence of Spain and its people.

History & Timeline

Spain is a country with a rich and fascinating history that spans thousands of years. From its early beginnings as a Roman province to its role as a global colonial power, the story of Spain is one of triumphs and challenges, of culture and conquest.

Prehistoric Spain

The earliest evidence of human settlement in Spain dates back to the Paleolithic era, more than 35,000 years ago. Throughout the millennia, various tribes and civilizations have left their mark on the Iberian Peninsula, including the Iberians, Celts, and Phoenicians.

Roman Spain

Spain was conquered by the Romans in the 2nd century BC, and for several centuries, it was a prosperous Roman province. The Romans built many cities and structures that still exist today, including the amphitheater in Merida and the aqueduct in Segovia.

Visigothic Spain

After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, the Visigoths established a kingdom in Spain that lasted until the 8th century. During this time, the Visigoths introduced Christianity to Spain, and many of their architectural and artistic works are still visible in the country today.

Islamic Spain

In the 8th century, Spain was conquered by the Moors, a Muslim army from North Africa.

The Moors established a thriving Islamic civilization in Spain, which lasted for over 700 years. During this time, many beautiful architectural and artistic works were created, including the Great Mosque of Cordoba and the Alhambra palace in Granada.

Reconquista and the Catholic Monarchs

In the late 15th century, the Catholic Monarchs, Isabella, and Ferdinand completed the Reconquista, the long process of Christianizing Spain and expelling the Moors. This period saw the establishment of the Spanish Inquisition and the beginning of Spain’s exploration and colonization of the New World.

Golden Age of Spain

The 16th and 17th centuries are known as the Golden Age of Spain, a time of great cultural and artistic achievement. The works of famous artists like Diego Velazquez and Francisco Goya and writers like Miguel de Cervantes helped establish Spain’s reputation as a cultural powerhouse.

20th Century Spain

The 20th century saw Spain undergo significant political and social changes.

In 1931, the monarchy was abolished, and the country became a republic. This was followed by a period of civil war from 1936 to 1939 and the establishment of a fascist dictatorship under General Francisco Franco that lasted until his death in 1975.

Modern Spain

Since the end of Franco’s rule, Spain has undergone significant social and economic changes, including the establishment of a democratic government, membership in the European Union, and a thriving tourism industry.

Today, Spain remains one of the most culturally and historically significant countries in Europe.

The history of Spain is a complex and fascinating story that spans thousands of years. From the early prehistoric settlements to the Golden Age of Spain, each epoch has left its mark on the country’s culture, architecture, and people.

Understanding this history is essential to understanding Spain’s rich cultural heritage and its place in the world today.

Culture, Traditions & Holidays

Spain is a country with a rich cultural heritage, shaped by centuries of history and a diverse range of influences from around the world. From flamenco dancing to bullfighting, Spain is known for its vibrant culture and colorful traditions.

Spain has a vibrant and lively culture that is reflected in its art, music, literature, and cuisine. Spanish art is known for its use of vibrant colors, bold shapes, and intricate designs, with famous painters such as Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali leading the way.

Music is also an important part of Spanish culture, with flamenco dancing and guitar playing being some of the most famous examples.

Spanish literature has produced many famous writers such as Miguel de Cervantes and Federico García Lorca. Finally, Spanish cuisine is known for its rich flavors and ingredients such as saffron, paprika, and olive oil.

Spain has a wide range of traditions that are still celebrated today.

One of the most famous is bullfighting, which is controversial but still remains an important part of Spanish culture. Flamenco dancing is another important tradition, with its roots in Andalusia and its distinctive music and dance style.

Semana Santa, or Holy Week, is another important tradition, with parades and processions throughout the country. Finally, La Tomatina, the tomato-throwing festival held in Buñol, is a fun and unique tradition that has become popular with tourists from around the world.

Spain has a number of public holidays, many of which are religious in nature.

Some of the most important holidays include Christmas, Easter, and All Saints’ Day.

Other important holidays include the Day of the Constitution on December 6th and the Day of the Spanish Language on October 12th. In addition, each region of Spain has its own unique holidays and celebrations, such as the Running of the Bulls in Pamplona or the Feria de Abril in Seville.

Spain’s culture, traditions, and holidays are an integral part of what makes this country such a fascinating and unique destination.

Gastronomy & Cuisine

Spain is a country known for its rich and flavorful cuisine, with a diverse range of dishes that reflect the country’s history and culture. From paella to tapas, Spanish cuisine has something to offer everyone.

Spain’s cuisine is known for its use of fresh and high-quality ingredients, with a focus on seafood, meats, vegetables, and fruits. Some of the most important ingredients in Spanish cuisine include olive oil, garlic, paprika, saffron, and almonds.

Spain is also known for its cheeses, including Manchego and Cabrales, and its cured meats, such as Jamón ibérico and chorizo.

One of the most famous dishes in Spanish cuisine is paella, a rice dish that originated in the Valencia region of Spain. Paella typically includes saffron, chicken, rabbit, and vegetables, and can also include seafood or other meats.

Another famous dish is gazpacho, a cold soup made with tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, and bread.

Tapas, small plates of food that are often shared among groups, are also a staple of Spanish cuisine. Some popular tapas include tortilla española (a potato omelet), patatas bravas (fried potatoes with spicy tomato sauce), and croquetas (fried balls of dough with various fillings).

Spain’s cuisine is also heavily influenced by the country’s various regions, each of which has its own unique dishes and ingredients. The Basque Country, for example, is known for its pintxos (a type of tapa), seafood dishes, and cider.

Andalusia, on the other hand, is known for its gazpacho, fried fish, and sherry wines. Catalonia is famous for its pa amb tomàquet (bread with tomato and olive oil), calcots (a type of onion), and cava (a type of sparkling wine).

Spanish cuisine is a rich and diverse reflection of the country’s history and culture.

From paella to tapas to gazpacho, Spain has a wide range of dishes that are sure to tantalize your taste buds. Whether you’re exploring the different regions of Spain or enjoying a meal at a local restaurant, be sure to sample some of the country’s most famous dishes and ingredients.

How to get there & Transportation

Getting to Spain is easy, with a variety of transportation options available.

Getting to Spain

The easiest way to get to Spain is by air. The country has several major airports, including Madrid-Barajas Adolfo Suárez Airport and Barcelona-El Prat Airport, which offer connections to cities around the world.

Other airports in Spain include Malaga-Costa del Sol Airport, Valencia Airport, and Palma de Mallorca Airport.

For those traveling from other European countries, there are also train and bus options available. The high-speed train network in Spain, operated by Renfe, connects major cities such as Madrid, Barcelona, Seville, and Valencia. Eurolines and FlixBus also offer bus services to Spain from various European cities.

Transportation within Spain

Once you arrive in Spain, there are several options for getting around.

The most common mode of transportation is by car, with many international car rental companies available at major airports and cities. Spain also has a well-developed highway network, making it easy to travel between cities and regions.

For those who prefer not to drive, there are also public transportation options available.

The metro systems in Madrid and Barcelona are extensive and efficient, with lines connecting the city center to the suburbs and outlying areas. Other major cities such as Valencia, Seville, and Bilbao also have metro systems.

Buses and trains are also popular modes of transportation within Spain. Renfe operates a comprehensive train network that connects most major cities, with high-speed trains available between Madrid and Barcelona.

Bus companies such as Alsa and Avanza offer services to smaller towns and villages.

How safe is Spain?

Safety is a top concern for travelers, and it’s important to know what to expect before visiting a new country. In this post, we will explore how safe Spain is for tourists and provide tips for staying safe while exploring this beautiful country.

Crime in Spain

Spain is generally a safe country, with a relatively low crime rate compared to other European countries. However, like any major tourist destination, it is important to be aware of your surroundings and take precautions to avoid becoming a victim of crime.

Pickpocketing and theft are the most common types of crime in tourist areas. Keep your belongings close and be vigilant in crowded places.

Terrorism in Spain

In recent years, Spain has experienced several terrorist attacks, including the 2017 Barcelona attack.

The Spanish government has implemented measures to prevent future attacks and maintain public safety. However, it’s important to remain aware of your surroundings and report any suspicious activity to the authorities.

Natural Disasters in Spain

Spain is also vulnerable to natural disasters, including earthquakes, wildfires, and floods. The Spanish government has systems in place to monitor and respond to these events, but it’s important to stay informed and follow local authorities’ instructions in the event of an emergency.

Tips for Staying Safe in Spain

  • Keep your belongings close and avoid carrying large sums of money or valuables in public places.
  • Be aware of your surroundings, especially in crowded areas.
  • Use caution when using public transportation, especially at night.
  • Stay informed about current events and potential safety risks.
  • Follow local customs and laws, including traffic laws and alcohol consumption.
  • Register with your embassy or consulate in case of an emergency.

Spain is generally a safe country for tourists, but it’s important to take precautions to avoid becoming a victim of a crime or experiencing other safety risks. By staying aware of your surroundings, and following local customs and laws, you can enjoy a safe and enjoyable trip to Spain.

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